This is the case in the passage before us, where Isaiah predicts of everything of which Jerusalem was proud, and in which it revelled, including the persons who rejoice din these things, a descent into Hades; just as the Korahite author of Psalm 49 wrote (Psalm 49:14) that the beauty of the wicked would be given up to Hades to be consumed, without having hereafter any place in the upper world, when the upright should have dominion over them in the morning. 85, 86). On this account Isaiah says that these things do not happen by chance. And he that rejoiceth - All that the nation prided itself on, and all that was a source of joy, should be destroyed. ThereforeSheolhas enlargedits throatand openedits mouthwithoutmeasure;And Jerusalem's splendor,her multitude,her din[of revelry] and the jubilantwithin her, descend[into it]. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit. Therefore my people are gone into captivity,] i.e, They are sure to go. And so the Targum renders it, "without end". And oh that they would foresee and prevent a worse punishment in hell than befell that poor Turk who, being found drunk, had a ladleful of boiling lead poured down his throat by the command of a certain pasha! The advantages of our situation will be brought into the account another day. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, hades}; “the unseen world of spirits.” Not here, “the place of torment.” Poetically, it is represented as enlarging itself immensely, in order to receive the countless hosts of Jews, which should perish (. He that rejoiceth; that spendeth all his days in mirth and jollity, and casteth away all cares and fears. 3-12) and Sabbath observance (vv. Woe to … The threat of punishment commences again with "therefore;" it has not yet satisfied itself, and therefore grasps deeper still. Learn more. And with the exception of Enoch and Elijah, with their marvellous departure from this life, the way of every mortal ended there, until the time when Jesus Christ, having first paid the λὐτρον, i.e., having shed His blood, which covers our guilt and turns the wrath of God into love, descended into Hades and ascended into heaven, and from that time forth has changed the death of all believers from a descent into Hades into an ascension to heaven. Therefore hell - the grave; Hebrew, Sh. And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled: Isaiah 5:16. The care of the Lord over the church of Israel, is described by the management of a vineyard. he that rejoiceth— the drunken reveler in Jerusalem. (G.[Calmet?]). p. 415). celans (see Jütting, Bibl. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. Their great ones, those men of honour. Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.. Ver. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. Hades even here is almost equivalent to the New Testament gehenna. The Hebrew word for death is the same as the name of one of the Canaanite gods, Mot, providing a dual meaning. All these feminine pronouns-mean that the nouns belong to Sheol. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. This personification carries greater emphasis than if he had said that all are condemned to the grave. It is represented also as having “gates,” Isaiah 38:10; and as being inhabited by a great multitude, some of whom sit on thrones, occupied in some respects as they were on earth; see the note at Isaiah 14:9. LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the scepter of the rulers. Therefore - A term of conclusion (cp second term of conclusion in Is 5:14). It has become a common thing now to drop entirely the notion which formerly prevailed, that the noun sheol was derived from the verb shâal in the sense in which it was generally employed, viz., to ask or demand; but Caspari, who has revived it again, is certainly so far correct, that the derivation of the word which the prophet had in his mind was this and no other. And their glory - All that they esteemed their pride and honor shall descend together into the yawning gulf. p. 415). As He reveals Himself above the earth, i.e., in heaven, among blessed spirits in the light of His love; so did He reveal Himself underneath the earth, viz., in Sheōl, in the darkness and fire of His wrath. This is the case in the passage before us, where Isaiah predicts of everything of which Jerusalem was proud, and in which it revelled, including the persons who rejoice din these things, a descent into Hades; just as the Korahite author of Ps 49 wrote (Psalms 49:14) that the beauty of the wicked would be given up to Hades to be consumed, without having hereafter any place in the upper world, when the upright should have dominion over them in the morning. This word occurs eleven times in the New Testament Matthew 11:23; Matthew 16:18; Luke 10:15; Luke 16:23; Acts 2:27, Acts 2:31; 1 Corinthians 15:55; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 20:13-14, in all of which places, except 1 Corinthians 15:55, it is rendered “hell,” though denoting, in most of those places, as it does in the Old Testament, the abodes of the dead. Isaias alludes to what should happen under Nabuchodonosor, as if it were past. And their glory - All that they esteemed their pride and honor shall descend together into the yawning gulf. 14. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Isaiah 5 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Isaiah momentarily stops listing the woes and gives two predictions in Isa 5:13,14. Opened her mouth - As if to absorb or consume them; as a "cavern," or opening of the earth does; compare Numbers 16:30. shall descend into it; into hell, or the grave: or, "he that rejoiceth in it", that is, in the land or city; so the Targum. It means, therefore, that while many of them would go into captivity Isaiah 5:13, vast multitudes of them would be cut off by famine, thirst, and the sword. The feminine suffixes attached to what the lower world swallows up do not refer to sheol (though this is construed more frequently, no doubt, as a feminine than as a masculine, as it is in Job 26:6), but, as expressed in the translation, to Jerusalem itself, which is also necessarily required by the last clause, “those who rejoice within it.” The withdrawal of the tone from ועלז to the penultimate (cf., C hâphētz in Psalms 18:20; Psalms 22:9) is intentionally omitted, to cause the rolling and swallowing up to be heard as it were. As He reveals Himself above the earth, i.e., in heaven, among blessed spirits in the light of His love; so did He reveal Himself underneath the earth, viz., in Sheōl , in the darkness and fire of His wrath. The threat of punishment commences again with “therefore;” it has not yet satisfied itself, and therefore grasps deeper still. It was a place where thick darkness reigns; Job 10:21-22: ‹The land of darkness and the shadow of death; a land of darkness, as darkness itself.‘ It is described as having “valleys, or depths,” Proverbs 9:18. Or the grave, which never says enough, Proverbs xxx. Nor His ear heavy, that it cannot hear: Perhaps the problem isn’t that God lacks power. Isaiah 5:14. He also prophesied the demise of Assyria (10:5-19). celans (see Jtting, Bibl. and opened her mouth without measure; immensely wide; there being no boundary to its desires, nor any end of its cravings, or of filling it. Isaiah 52:13 Commentary; Isaiah 63:1-6 In Depth Commentary - Jesus declares "I Am Mighty to Save!" “Therefore the under-world opens its jaws wide, and stretches open its mouth immeasurably wide; and the glory of Jerusalem descends, and its tumult, and noise, and those who rejoice within it.” The verbs which follow lâcēn (therefore) are prophetic preterites, as in Isaiah 5:13. Perhaps He lacks knowledge of our problem, or interest in our problem. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. N.A.S.B. Isaiah 5:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 5:14, NIV: "Therefore Death expands its jaws, opening wide its mouth; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers." (e) "et strepitus ejus", Montanus, Forerius. Or, Their noise or tumult: their revel rout, as they call it, when they have drunk all the outs, and are now singing and hallooing. But even under the Old Testament the believer may have known, that whoever hid himself on this side the grave in Jehovah the living One, would retain his eternal germ of life even in Sheōl in the midst of the shades, and would taste the love of God even in the midst of wrath. Mighty to Save - related study; ISAIAH 53 COMMENTARY Bruce Hurt, MD June, 2018. And he that rejoiceth - All that the nation prided itself on, and all that was a source of joy, should be destroyed. Learn more. Isaiah 5:14 Context. A mouth is ascribed to the under-world, also a nephesh , i.e., a greedy soul, in which sense nephesh is then applied metonymically sometimes to a thirst for blood (Psalms 27:12), and sometimes to simple greediness (Isaiah 56:11), and even, as in the present passage and Habakkuk 2:5, to the throat or swallow which the soul opens “without measure,” when its craving knows no bounds ( Psychol. Nor is it without good reason that the Prophet speaks of the events as plain and manifest; for he intended to bring them immediately before the people, that they might behold with their eyes what they could not be persuaded to believe. Nos numeri sumus. … And their multitude.] Isaiah 5:14 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. "Sheol," (See Scofield "Habakkuk 2:5"). It was this postulate of faith which lay at the foundation of the fact, that even under the Old Testament the broader and more comprehensive idea of Sheōl began to be contracted into the more limited notion of hell (see Psychol. (d) "dilatavit suam animam", V. L. Munster, Montanus, Cocceius. Isaiah 5:13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. 12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands. her. The Ugaritic Mot comes to a feast like the feast described in Isaiah 25:6. Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. Hitherto hath been the comminatory part of this prophecy: followeth now the consolatory. It was this postulate of faith which lay at the foundation of the fact, that even under the Old Testament the broader and more comprehensive idea of Sheōl began to be contracted into the more limited notion of hell (see Psychol . Wrterbuch, 1864, pp. According to the prevalent idea, Hades was in the interior of the earth. It corresponded to the Greek ἅδης Hadēs, "hades… John Trapp Complete Commentary. Wesley's Notes for Isaiah 5:14. Though it was shocking to behold captivity, and also famine, yet the slowness and insensibility of the people was so great that they did not give earnest heed to these tokens of God’s anger. Commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7 (Read Isaiah 5:1-7) Christ is God's beloved Son, and our beloved Saviour. The two “therefores” in Isaiah 5:13, Isaiah 5:14, a third is now added in Isaiah 5:24: “Therefore, as the tongue of fire devours stubble, and hay sinks together in the flame, their root will become like mould, and their blossom fly up like dust; for they have despised the law of Jehovah of hosts, and scornfully rejected the proclamation of the Holy One of Israel.” Isaiah 5:14. Luzzatto on this passage also explains sheol as signifying depth, and compares the talmudic hishchil = hēshil , to let down (or, according to others, to draw up - two meanings which may easily be combined in the same word, starting from its radical idea, which indicates in a general a loosening of the previous connection). 85, 86). (22-23) Woe to the corrupt, who place greater value on drinking than on fairness and justice. Isaiah 5:14. Words every way contrary to God's will. (u) Meaning, the grave will swallow up them who will die for hunger and thirst, and yet for all this great destruction it will never be satisfied. Amplified® Darby K.J.V. While this ostensibly has to do with two religious disciplines, fasting (vv. Barnes's Isaiah 5:14 Bible Commentary Therefore hell - The word transated "hell," שׁאול she'ôl, has not the same meaning that we now attach to that word; its usual signification, among the Hebrews, was "the lower world, the region of departed spirits." Therefore death and hell. herself. Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth without measure; And Jerusalem's splendor, her multitude, her din of revelry and the jubilant within her, descend into it. Discussion for Isaiah 5:14 . 13. In that unseen world there were, in the later belief of Judaism, the two regions of Gehenna and of Eden or Paradise. 1 of 1. 7 years ago. At any rate, this derivation answers to the view that generally prevailed in ancient times. And so the Targum renders it, "without end". App-6. In order, therefore, to restrain that pride, he shows that the punishments with which they are visited are just, and that it is owing entirely to their own folly that they are miserable in every respect. Isaiah 5:14 Translation & Meaning. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … The word sheol (an infinitive form, like pekōd ) signifies primarily the irresistible and inexorable demand made upon every earthly thing; and then secondarily, in a local sense, the place of the abode of shades, to which everything on the surface of the earth is summoned; or essentially the divinely appointed curse which demands and swallows up everything upon the earth. And her glory hath descended, and her multitude. Jump to: Barnes • Clarke • Gill • GSB • JFB • KAD • MHC • SCO • WES 1. Whereas Hosea and Jeremiah had depicted Israel as the Lord’s spouse to emphasize both Israel’s infidelity and the Lord’s continued love (Hos 1–3; Jer 2:2; 3:1–15) and Ezekiel to accuse Israel unsparingly (Ez 16; 23), Second Isaiah speaks only of the love with which the Lord restores the people, speaking tender words with no hint of reproach. Their pomp - Noise, tumult; the bustle, and shouting, and display made in battle, or war, or victory; Isaiah 13:4; Amos 2:2; Hosea 10:14. (Note: The meaning "to be hollow" is not very firmly established, however; as the primary meaning of שׁעל, and the analogy sometimes adduced of hell equals hollow (Hlle equals Hhle), is a deceptive one, as Hlle (hell), to which Luther always gives the more correct form Helle, does not mean a hollow, but a hidden place (or a place which renders invisible: from hln, to conceal), Lat. According to the prevalent idea, Hades was in the interior of the earth. 14.Therefore hell hath enlarged his soul (86) In this verse the Prophet intended to heighten the alarm of men who were at their ease, and not yet sufficiently affected by the threatenings which had been held out to them. shall descend into it; into hell, or the grave: or, "he that rejoiceth in it", that is, in the land or city; so the Targum. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Learn more Start my trial Back . He built a watchtower in it and cut out a winepress as well. The word for “glory” (as in 1 Samuel 4:22) is the same as that for “honourable men” in Isaiah 5:13, so that the original has all the emphasis of repetition. And with the exception of Enoch and Elijah, with their marvellous departure from this life, the way of every mortal ended there, until the time when Jesus Christ, having first paid the λὐτρον, i.e., having shed His blood, which covers our guilt and turns the wrath of God into love, descended into Hades and ascended into heaven, and from that time forth has changed the death of all believers from a descent into Hades into an ascension to heaven. 14. Isaiah 4 Isaiah 6 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. Besides, men are wont to argue with God, and are so daring and presumptuous that they do not hesitate to call him to account. Here, as elsewhere (Jonah 2:2; Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 30:16), it is half-personified, as Hades and Death are in Revelation 6:8; Revelation 20:13-14. Then he said: "It will come to pass in that day that the remnant Here beginneth the gospel of the prophet Isaiah, and holds on to the end of the book. But even under the Old Testament the believer may have known, that whoever hid himself on this side the grave in Jehovah the living One, would retain his eternal germ of life even in Sheōl in the midst of the shades, and would taste the love of God even in the midst of wrath. In Is 5:12 he has just described the effect of strong drink in inducing a spiritual stupor regarding God's Ways and Word. This book represents the vision (ḥazon) that Isaiah had about Judah and Jerusalem during the reigns of four kings who ruled between 767 and 686 B.C., so the vision was not the event of a night but of years, various separate revelations combining to … p. 204). Hades even here is almost equivalent to the New Testament gehenna . Opened her mouth without measure, to receive those vast numbers which shall die by this famine, or otherwise, as is here implied. Opened her mouth - As if to absorb or consume them; as a “cavern,” or opening of the earth does; compare Numbers 16:30. It is much more probable that the meaning of sheol is not the hollow place, but the depression or depth, from של, which corresponds precisely to the Greek χαλᾶν so far as its primary meaning is concerned (compare the talmudic shilshêl, to let down; shilshul, sinking or depression, Erubin 83b; shul, the foundation, fundus): see Hupfeld on Psalm 6:6. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Ver. And their glory; their glorious ones, their nobles, as the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions; and the Targum, their princes, rulers, civil and ecclesiastical; which were the glory of the nation: and their multitude; meaning the common people; or rather their great and honourable ones, as the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions render the word; and in which sense it may be used in the preceding verse Isaiah 5:13; since not of the poor, but of the rich, the context speaks; even of such who indulged themselves in luxury and pleasure: and their pomp; the Septuagint version, "their rich ones"; such who live in pomp and splendour: but the wordF5ושאונה "et strepitus ejus", Montanus, Forerius. Commentary on Isaiah 55:1-11 View Bible Text . The meaner sort. Isaiah 40:1 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Bible Commentary for Isaiah 5:14. hell Heb. This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. Their pomp; all their glory, shall die with them. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. 11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! And their glory.] Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, &c. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Originally, no doubt, it may have been derived from the primary and more material idea of the verb שׁאל, possibly from the meaning “to be hollow,” which is also assumed to be the primary meaning of שׁעל . Perverseness— Perverse words are such as are contrary to God's word. Isaiah 14:5. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 11:1-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: JUDGMENT ON ISRAEL AND ASSYRIA Isaiah prophesied the Assyrian invasion (8:1-15) and judgment on Israel (9:8 – 10:4). We simply maintain, however, that the word sheol , as generally sued, was associated in thought with shâal , to ask or demand. Hebrew. Wörterbuch, 1864, pp. I said a little ago, that what is here stated in the past tense refers partly to the future. (14) Therefore hell hath enlarged herself.—The Hebrew Sheol, or Hades, like “hell” itself in its original meaning, expressed not a place of torment, but the vast shadow – world of death, thought of as being below the earth (Psalms 16:10; Psalms 49:14). Isaiah 5:11 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament The second woe, for which the curse about to fall upon vinedressing ( Isaiah 5:10 ) prepared the way by the simple association of ideas, is directed against the debauchees, who in their carnal … Their multitude - The multitude of people; their vast hosts. Hell; or, the grave, as this word most commonly signifies. At any rate, this derivation answers to the view that generally prevailed in ancient times. Hell. signifies noise and tumult; and so the Targum renders it; and it designs noisy and tumultuous ones, who sing and roar, halloo and make a noise at feasts; and who may be called בני שאון, "sons of tumult", or "tumultuous ones"; Jeremiah 48:45 wherefore it follows: and he that rejoiceth, that is, at their feasts. He joins together the nobles and men of low rank, that none may flatter themselves with the hope of escape: as if he had said, “Death will carry you away, and all that you possess, your delicacies, wealth, pleasures, and everything else in which you place your confidence.” It is therefore a confirmation of the former statement, and we ought always to attend to the particle לכן (laken,) therefore; for the people ascribed their calamities to fortune, or in some other way hardened themselves against the Lord’s chastisements. But this isn’t the situation at all, as Isaiah reminds us. Any preacher whose congregation will be celebrating the Vigil of Easter will encounter this text when the assembly listens to Old Testament (OT) readings. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. Frst has also given up the meaning cavitas, a hollow, and endeavours to find a more correct explanation of the primary signification of shâ'al (see at Isaiah 40:12).). Fürst has also given up the meaning cavitas, a hollow, and endeavours to find a more correct explanation of the primary signification of shâ'al (see at Isaiah 40:12).). And their pomp.] Luzzatto on this passage also explains sheol as signifying depth, and compares the talmudic hishchil equals hēshil, to let down (or, according to others, to draw up - two meanings which may easily be combined in the same word, starting from its radical idea, which indicates in a general a loosening of the previous connection). The Septuagint, in this place, and usually, translates the word שׁאול she'ôl by ἅδης Hadēs “Hades.” It was represented by the Hebrews as “low down, or deep” in the earth - contrasted with the height of heaven; Deuteronomy 32:22; Job 11:8; Psalm 139:7-8. Accordingly the Prophet threatens something still more dreadful, that hell has opened his belly to swallow them all up. 5:14 And he - That spends all his days in mirth and jollity. Try it for 30 days FREE. It is much more probable that the meaning of sheol is not the hollow place, but the depression or depth, from של, which corresponds precisely to the Greek χαλᾶν so far as its primary meaning is concerned (compare the talmud ic shilshêl , to let down; shilshul , sinking or depression, Erubin 83b; shul , the foundation, fundus): see Hupfeld on Psalms 6:6. ; her desire after the dead, see Habakkuk 2:5 being insatiable, and one of those things which are never satisfied, or have enough, Proverbs 30:15 wherefore it follows: and opened her mouth without measure; immensely wide; there being no boundary to its desires, nor any end of its cravings, or of filling it. In this chapter, Yahweh calls the prophet to address the problem of false religious observance. hell — the grave; Hebrew, {(sheol}; Greek, {(hades}; “the unseen world of spirits.” Not here, “the place of torment.” Poetically, it is represented as enlarging itself immensely, in order to receive the countless hosts of Jews, which should perish (Numbers 16:30). Oh that the carousers were persuaded, as Mohammed told his followers, that in every grape there dwelt a devil! Moreover, by "hell" may be meant the miserable estate and condition of the Jews upon the destruction of Jerusalem, when they were in the utmost distress and misery; see Gill on Luke 16:23. he that rejoiceth—the drunken reveller in Jerusalem. Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell has enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoices, shall descend into it. KJ21 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth beyond measure; and their glory and their multitude and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. [Isaiah 5:13]. Young's Compare all. And there was nothing really absurd in this, since it is quite within the power and freedom of the omnipresent God to manifest Himself wherever and however He may please. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Their multitude - The multitude of people; their vast hosts. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself,.... That is, the grave, to receive the dead which die with famine and thirst; signifying that the number of the dead would be so great, that the common burying places would not be sufficient to hold them; but additions must be made to them; or some vast prodigious pit must be dug, capable of receiving them; like Tophet, deep and large: or "hath enlarged her soul"F4הרחיבה נפשה "dilatavit suam animam", V. L. Munster, Montanus, Cocceius. you can understand the bible isaiah: the prophet and his day chapters 1-39 bob utley professor of hermeneutics (bible interpretation) study guide commentary series old testament, vol. He dug it up and cleared it of stones and planted it with the choicest vines. (Note: The meaning “to be hollow” is not very firmly established, however; as the primary meaning of שׁעל, and the analogy sometimes adduced of hell = hollow (Hölle = Höhle ), is a deceptive one, as Hölle (hell), to which Luther always gives the more correct form Helle, does not mean a hollow, but a hidden place (or a place which renders invisible: from hëln , to conceal), Lat. He planted it with the choicest vines; gave them a most excellent law, instituted proper ordinances. 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